A biologist is a scientist who studies life; specifically human, animal and bacterial, and their relationships to their environment. They do this to gain a better understanding of how our bodies work and how external factors influence each organism.
Much of a biologist’s day is spent in a laboratory using basic methods of research to analyse data and test theories. They do this by running a variety of experiments to discover as much information about their chosen subject as they can. The experiments themselves vary depending on the type of biologist, but often involve growing cultures, and watching how they grow – or not- under a variety of different conditions. They then work out how to use that data to improve healthcare, the environment or other major issues.
After deciding on a subject matter worthy of research, a scientist needs to spend time securing funding for his or her project. Therefore, biologists spend a lot of time looking for sponsorship and funding. They do this by applying for grants, writing papers, and building up a strong academic and research reputation. For every experiment conducted there is a great deal of written work that runs alongside it, so the development of a new drug, for example, is recorded at every step of the research process.
Over half of the biologists in the UK are employed in universities as lecturers and researchers. This means that at least fifty per cent of the working day is spent presenting tutorials, delivering lectures, and marking the written work of students destined to follow in their lecturer’s footsteps.
Only a small percentage of biologists are employed by the UK government these days. A large number, however, are employed in private industry; specifically in the area of drug discovery. Biological scientists employed in private industry and by the government are able to focus more on their own projects and those assigned by their superiors than by those working in a university environment, as funding is on-site, and their aim- the development of a specific ‘something’ – is predefined.
Whether they are finding ways to prevent contamination and the spreading of a virus, a cure for cancer, or working out how to keep GM crops safe, biologists have a constantly varied working day, which mixes report writing, experiments and presentations, in equal measure.
Dr Kathryn Bates is a graduate of archaeology and history. She has excavated across the world as an archaeologist, and tutored medieval history at Leicester University. She joined the administrative team at Oxford Open Learning twelve years ago. Alongside her distance learning work, Dr Bates is a bestselling novelist, and an itinerant creative writing tutor for primary school children.