Winston Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, on the 30th November 1874.
To mark his birthday, we present a few interesting but perhaps little-known facts about one of the most famous British Prime Ministers in history.
This, together with an interest in the military, led his father to push him towards a career in the army, though it took him several attempts to pass the entrance exam for Sandhurst Military College.
The manager of a mine helped him to escape, and he later joined the British Army.
This worsened towards the end of his life and some physicians even diagnosed him as having bipolar disorder. His mental health problems were perhaps exacerbated by the suicide of one of his daughters, and the alcoholism of another.
Under various pseudonyms, a number of these were bought by a gallery in Paris and two were submitted and accepted by the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition in 1947.
In 1953 he won the Nobel Prize for Literature “for his mastery of historical and biographical description [in the non-fiction work The Second World War] as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values.”
Later in life he would use special dentures to help manage his lisp.
He lost, and a year later returned to the Conservative party, winning the seat of Epping. He was then offered the position of Chancellor, a post previously held by his own father.
He had commissioned English shirtmakers Turnbull & Asser to create an all-in-one suit that could be quickly pulled on during an air raid. And thus, the “siren suit” was born. Churchill liked the item of clothing so much that he wore it to an engagement at the White House in 1941.
For more information about Winston Churchill, visit History of Sir Winston Churchill at the government’s official website, GOV.UK.